During the last half century, the population has accelerated – and is amongst the most persistent environmental concern, quietly inciting the forces behind ecological matters such as poverty, climate change, environmental pollution, rapid depletion of natural resources, global warming and scarcity of water, which has taken all the limelight. Overpopulation, somehow has remained out of sight last couple of years, but the immense rise in population is one of the major factors for the environmental challenge, the reason being the more spike in the population, the more requirement of other natural resources and land, which can impact the economy on the global level.
What exactly Overpopulation means?
It is a given scenario in which the number of people outgrows the maximum that can be succored forever, with the given inexhaustible means. Therefore, overpopulation in the due course will lead to poverty and India is manifestly way overpopulated.
Population in India
The Population has been mounting in India at a fast pace, this issue is exacerbated by the struggle in providing resolution for this concern and misinterpretation of the cause and effect of the same. The trend and dynamic forces with which the population grow’s has a huge effect on the country’s fiscal condition, as the economy is not going upward at the similar pace. India’s current population is 1,380,715,311 i.e. 1380 billion, this rise is due to the decline in death rate and upsurge in birth rate, which is an obstacle in the path of economic development and is considered as a major reason beneath poverty in India.
Poverty in India
Poverty is determined by and regulates population variability, which involves evolution in population, rural-urban dissemination and age structure. The elevated population growth rate has a critical influence on the country’s expansion prospects, it is a reason behind illiteracy, lack of resources, shortage of jobs, poor health facilities and capital deficiency. It further reduces the per capita income growth and welfare, which induces poverty. In heavily populated deprived countries with burden on land, fast population growth rises landlessness and therefore the occurrence of poverty.
The constantly growing prices of basic supplies also lead to poverty. Other factors are lack of educational resources, causing high fertility and inadequate dispersal of wealth and other resources in the nation which has resulted in underprivileged regions witnessing large explosions in population.
Relationship between Poverty and Population
The relation between poverty and population increase in developing countries is observed. Survey of present statistical facts disclosed a move in the link between low earnings and high fertility and number of deaths. It is estimated that population will reach 1.5 billion by the year 2026 and soon India will surpass China by becoming the biggest nation in the world. This implies that with the increase in population, poverty will also upswing, if more jobs won’t be created to accommodate those people. In total there are as an estimate to evolve 20 million new vacancies which seems implausible.
The current population of India signifies 18% of the total world’s population, which suggests that in the near future India will be the most populous country. People are a resource as well as end of economic growth, they can be an asset if sufficient in number or a liability if superfluous in numbers.
India has crossed all boundaries when it comes to population and has become a burden, it has been a huge interruption in the attainment fiscal development and planning. Another factor is the population is not evenly distributed, therefore the natural resources are inadequately available to the people. Hence, overpopulation doesn’t alone depend on the mass of the population, but also on how much the ecological resources are available. This further can cause poverty, hence, population hike and poverty are interrelated and the effects of a climbing population of the magnitude of the environment is persistently underlined.
The correlation and intricacies that exist between these theories have made the elucidations to these complications demanding in many occurrences’.